Louisiana Institute of Higher Education
Two forts influenced the Battle of New Orleans in important ways: Fort Bowyer & Fort St. Philip.
For Fort Bowyer, the first investment of the work was in September 1814 as well as the investment/siege operation that followed the Battle of New Orleans. The overall goal in discussing this fort is to emphasize Mobile Bay's importance to British strategy in the southern theater. When they failed to open Mobile Bay in September 1814, they shifted over to the New Orleans operation. When that failed, they chose to go back to Mobile Bay with the objective overall of establishing a foothold along the upper Gulf coast. As that is the case, there is an argument for an expanded concept of the Battle of New Orleans that includes operations against Fort Bowyer.
Fort St. Philip also played an important role in the battle. By stopping the Royal Navy at Plaquemines Bend, this fort prevented the enemy from bringing decisive supporting fires to bear at the critical moment of the battle when Pakenham's force was pushing past Line Jackson & moving into the city.
Martin K. A. Morgan is an author/historian who specializes in American and military history. He holds a BA in history from the University of Alabama (1991), an MA in history from the University of Alabama at Birmingham (1996), and is currently a history doctoral candidate at the University of Southern Mississippi in Hattiesburg, Mississippi. He is the author of Down To Earth: The 507th Parachute Infantry Regiment in Normandy (Schiffer, 2004) and The Americans on D--‐Day: A Photographic History of the Normandy Invasion (Zenith Press, 2014), and he contributes frequently to World War II Quarterly and The American Rifleman. He has also contributed to other publications such as Aviation History, World War II, World War II History, Armchair General, the Garand Collector’s Association Journal, 39/45 (France) and After the Battle (England).
In addition to publishing, for 10 years now Martin has also appeared regularly on television programs relating to historical subjects on Discovery, National Geographic, History, H2, The Weather Channel, Syfy, the Outdoor Channel, and The Military Channel. These programs range in subject from D--‐Day to Pearl Harbor to how whiskey, Christmas, and chocolate changed history. With a background as a park ranger and a museum professional, his experience in public history paved the way for the publishing and broadcasting work he does today. Since 2002, he has been leading battlefield tours around the world, especially in Europe.